Washington DC – Day Trip 4 – Baltimore 6

Baltimore has a long and illustrious medical history with world-class options for treatment. In fact, that may already be the reason you are visiting the city. But, in case you are dealing with something, you might consider getting a second opinion here, while traveling.

720 Rutland Avenue, Baltimore, Maryland 21205

Just with the stroke of her pen, in 1892 Baltimore heiress Mary Elizabeth Garrett forever changed medical training and practice in the United States. She gave a gift of $354,000 to start a new medical school at Johns Hopkins University, but before she endowed it, she insisted on four unprecedented conditions:

(1) that women were to be admitted “on the same terms as men”
(2) that medical students must have an undergraduate degree;
(3) that students have a broad background in science
(4) that students be fluent in French and German, the scientific languages then.

These wide-reaching requirements made Hopkins the first coeducational, graduate-level medical school in the United States.

Mary Elizabeth Garrett was a leader of the National Women’s Medical School Fund which included many well-known American women. Together, they worked to increase awareness about the need to train women doctors and they raised money to open a new medical school at Johns Hopkins University.

Incredibly, in America at the time, it was not acceptable for women to be educated with men.

Getting the medical school agreement, the Hopkins victory, was “the crowning achievement of feminism in the nineteenth century.”

The women graduates of the Hopkins Medical School went on to become some of the most well-known physicians and scientists of the 20th century and they helped to open careers for later generations of women in many other male-dominated professions.

The Johns Hopkins Hospital and Medical School

Johns Hopkins University – directions.

Planned Parenthood,
610 North Howard Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21201

Bessie Moses, the first female obstetrical intern at Johns Hopkins University Hospital, opened the first contraceptive clinic in Maryland in 1927. She was a close friend of nationally known reformer Margaret Sanger.

Moses and Sanger shared the 1950 Lasker Award of Planned Parenthood. They were the first two women ever to be honored.

Moses inspired her young female students when saying “You must have as full a life as possible outside medicine so as to impress yourself upon them as a woman like themselves and not as a gowned medic.” Her picture and a brief life story can be seen in the lobby of the building.

655 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21201

Surprisingly, the University of Maryland School of Nursing Museum is one of the only museums of its type in the U.S.

Here, you can learn the fascinating story of health care’s unsung heroes where it is captured in hundreds of photographs, personal items and the written and spoken words of the nurses themselves.

Many of the docents are retired nurses who serve as volunteers. The school itself was established in 1889 by Louisa Parsons, a student of Florence Nightingale.

The first graduating class was in 1892, but the first African American woman to graduate from the school was not until 1953!

Also see Olive Cole Museum of Pharmacy, Baltimore.

Enjoy and learn!

Washington, DC Travel – Archived Articles

©2011 mystic at Travel Vacation Review

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